- The ‘honour killings’ in Pakistani (http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/pakistani-court-sentences-four-men-to-death-for-honour-killing-of-pregnant-woman-9871366.html)
- Racism, disenfranchisement e.g. by Ku Klux Klan (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ku_Klux_Klan).
- Discrimination and denial of enjoyment or pursuance of happiness e.g. by Boko Haram ("Western education is forbidden"), officially called Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'Awati Wal-Jihad (People Committed to the Prophet's Teachings for Propagation and Jihad) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boko_Haram).
- In Uganda the religious networks are behind actions intended to hound those they term ‘homosexuals’ (http://www.monitor.co.ug/News/National/I-signed-anti-gay-law-to-reaffirm-Uganda-s-sovereignty/-/688334/2264484/-/38sap7/-/index.html), sex-workers and people living with HIV. Activities in Uganda targeting these three categories of persons have led to abuses and unrest ( http://barthsnotes.com/2007/08/21/religious-rally-against-homosexuality-in-uganda/); the shift in the Ugandan laws adopted from the British law system to the French Law, where suspects are deemed guilty until proven innocent will make difficult for many to even live peacefully in Uganda (http://www.monitor.co.ug/News/National/Suspects-to-be-declared-guilty-first---Lokodo/-/688334/2526892/-/l1sgkn/-/index.html).
|Coffee is a commodity that is used in various religious and traditional rituals in Africa.|
|Some of the Artifacts from Sub Saharan Africa that were used to teach sculpture in Egypt and beyond|
|Ssezibwa is one of the falls on the Mighty Nile River. This particular place is a shrine where many priests and priestesses from time immemorial have sought spiritual retreats from.|
|The "Religious" in Uganda with President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni use all means to bring the issue of "homosexuality" to his radar. The religious in Uganda have made it a 'tradition' to parade 'homosexuality' as a slogan, bias and the movement builder.|
1. The first strategy is to understand this kind of extremism in Nigeria and Uganda. There is a rise of power camps with resources to mobilize crowds to carry out decrees punishing the non desirables. The punishments come in form of: denial of services; naming and shaming; eviction; abandonment; lynching; and arbitrary arrests. There is need to have long term action plans against abuses.
2. There is need to provide provide logistics to rent space to be used to capture narratives from the persecuted persons. These narratives are to be printed in form of hard copies and soft copies which can be shared via social media. The narratives may include the fears, organization and interventions on the ground. When the world outside Uganda continues to hear these stories, it deters religious factions engaging in activities that would otherwise bring harm to those they think are undesirables.
3. In Africa the term ‘sexual minorities’ needs to be nuanced and made culturally sensitive to address sexual orientation and gender identity. This could lead to a more accurate understanding of their issues. The words “lesbian,” “gay,” “bisexual,” “transgender,” and “inter-sex” (LGBTI) are terms that need un packaging. In Uganda such terms like Gender normativity, hetero-normativity, homo-normativity, same sex, same gender and sexual- gender nonconformity (SGN) are used. These are more inclusive and take into consideration narratives and expressions derived first hand. They even point towards immediate or underlying psychosocial needs to be addressed.
4. Moderate Religious groups should be facilitated to start a dialogue on sexuality, orientation, gender, identity and health. Religious actions affect medical, employment, school and housing services. These in turn affect government procedures. In Uganda, Anti-homosexuality Bill gained notoriety following religious mobilization and denunciation of homosexuality under what was termed the “anti-gay agenda.” Same-sex sexual activity is criminalized under Uganda’s Penal Code, which prohibits “unnatural offences” and “acts of gross indecency.” Popular support for new laws imposing harsher punishments for persons believed to be ‘homosexual’ culminated in the movement to enact the Anti-Homosexuality Bill of 2009 see: ANTI-HOMOSEXUALITY BILL OF 2009, 102 UGANDA GAZETTE 74, Bill Supplement No. 13 (Sep. 25, 2009) [hereinafter ANTI- HOMOSEXUALITY BILL], available at http://www.asylumlaw.org/docs/sexualminorities/UgandaBillNo18AntiHomosexualityBill092509.pdf.